Vertical Forest is a model for a sustainable residential building, a project for metropolitan reforestation contributing to the regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory. It is a model of vertical densification of nature within the city that operates in relation to policies for reforestation and naturalization of large urban and metropolitan borders. The first example of the Vertical Forest consisting of two residential towers of 110 and 76 m height, was realized in the center of Milan, on the edge of the Isola neighborhood, hosting 900 trees (each measuring 3, 6 or 9 meters) and over 20,000 plants from a wide range of shrubs and floral plants distributed according to the sun exposure of the facade. On flat land, each Vertical Forest equals, in amount of trees, an area of 20,000 square meters of forest. In terms of urban densification it is the equivalent of an area of a single family dwelling of nearly 75,000 sq.m. The vegetal system of the Vertical Forest contributes to the construction of a micro climate, produces humidity, absorbs CO2 and dust particles and produces oxygen.
Trees are a key element and the types of trees were carefully chosen to fit with their positioning on the facades in terms of height, and took two years to conclude alongside a group of botanists. The plants used in this project were grown specifically for this purpose and were pre-cultivated. Over this period the plants slowly got used to the conditions they would be placed in on the building
Vertical Forest increases biodiversity. It helps to set up an urban ecosystem where a different kind of vegetation creates a vertical environment which can also be colonized by birds and insects, and therefore becomes both a magnet for and a symbol of the spontaneous re-colonization of the city by vegetation and by animal life. The creation of a number of Vertical Forests in the city can set up a network of environmental corridors which will give life to the main parks in the city, bringing together the green space of avenues and gardens and interweaving various spaces of spontaneous vegetation growth.
Vertical Forest helps to build a micro climate and to filter dust particles which are present in the urban environment. The diversity of the plants helps to create humidity and absorbs CO2 and dust, produces oxygen, protects people and houses from harmful sun rays and from acoustic pollution.
Vertical Forest is an anti-sprawl measure which aims to control and reduce urban expansion. If we think of them in terms of urban densification, each tower of the Vertical Forest is equivalent to an area of urban sprawl of family houses and buildings of up to 50,000 square meters.
Trees are a key element in understanding architectural projects and garden systems. In this case the choice of the types of trees was made to fit their positioning on the facades and by height, and it took two years to finalize it, alongside a group of botanists. The plants used in this project will be grown specifically for this purpose and will be pre-cultivated. Over this period these plants can slowly get used to the conditions they will find on the building.
Vertical Forest is a landmark in the city which is able to depict new kinds of variable landscapes changing their look over seasons, depending on the types of plants involved. The Vertical Forests will offer a changing view of the metropolitan city below.
The management of the tree pots is under building regulation, as well as the upkeep of the greenery and the number of plants for each pot.
In order to understand the need for water, the plan for these buildings took into account the distribution of plants across the various floors and their positioning.
It is a worldwide trend, generated by the first Vertical Forest built by Boeri Studio in Milan, in 2014. When Stefano Boeri came up with the idea of giving back to nature the space we are taking from it with continuous urban sprawl, he conceived Bosco Verticale as a prototype of the skyscrapers of the future. Today we see that the Future is now. Every day architects all around the world rethink and reinterpret the idea of the Trees in the sky. Each of these attempts is extremely important for the future of architecture and the Future of our planet, because the single thought can have certain impact, but thousands of thoughts can change the world. Slowing down the climate changes, reducing CO2 emissions, making our living sustainable and in harmony with nature.
On this experimental page we aim to collect the various examples of vertical greenery, analyzing and giving them improvement suggestions. But above all, Vertical ForestING is our way to show the impact that Bosco Verticale is having on the city and on the international architectural community, the discussion it elicits between the people and the ways it influences their everyday life.
Why Vertical forest?
- Vertical forest is a project for environmental survival of contemporary cities
- Vertical forest multiplies the number of trees in cities
- Vertical forest is a tower for tree inhabited by humans.
- Vertical forest is an anti-sprawl device
- Vertical forest demineralises urban surfaces
- Vertical forest reduces the pollution of the urban environment
- Vertical forest reduces energy consumption
- Vertical forest is a multiplier of urban diversity
- Vertical forest is an ever changing urban landmark
- Vertical forest is living Eco system
Officially opened in October 2014, Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest) is a pair of award-winning residential towers in the Porta Nuova district of Milan, Italy designed by Boeri Studio (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca and Giovanni La Varra).
On November 19, 2014 Bosco Verticale won the International High rise Award, a prestigious international competition bestowed every two years, honoring excellence in recently constructed buildings that stand a minimum of 100 meters (328 feet) tall. The five finalists were selected from 26 nominees in 17 countries.
On the November 12, 2015 the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) selected Bosco Verticale as the “2015 Best Tall Building Worldwide” at the 14th Annual CTBUH International Best Tall Building Awards.
Are Indian Architects or Landscape Architects ready to experiment such project in India?